When it comes to the number of types of eggs, there are a variety of different types of animal eggs available depending on the animal that laid them.
Poultry eggs are perhaps the most common type of egg found in stores, while luxury items like caviar are also popular in some regions.
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Different Types of Eggs
Eggs are one of the most versatile ingredients in any kitchen and come from chickens, ducks, quail, and turkey, to name a few.
So many ways to cook eggs; they can be eaten raw, fried eggs, scrambled eggs, poached eggs, soft boiled eggs, hard boiled eggs, sunny side up, omelet, quiche and many more.
Most free-range eggs come from hens raised in either open area housing systems, such as those found on farms, or furnished housing provided by farmers that allow the birds to move around freely within the barn or aviary.
Take note of the different egg grades when purchasing, as the quality grades increase the health benefits of the enriched eggs.
Chicken eggs are one of the most common free-range eggs. They come in numerous colors, with white eggs and brown eggs being the most popular choices. Most sold in supermarkets have been commercially produced from factory farms.
Chicken eggs are considered some of the most nutritious when judged for their nutritional content, providing a varied mix of vitamins and minerals ranging from Vitamin D and phosphorus to selenium and folate.
Additionally, chicken eggs tend to have a higher protein concentration than any other type – nearly six grams per large egg. All these qualities combined make them an ideal choice for a healthy diet.
Turkey egg is the second largest cage free eggs variety, only after ostrich eggs. They come in sizes larger than the average eggs and feature creamier whites and thicker yolks.
They can be prepared in much the same way as chicken eggs - scrambling, poaching, frying, egg salad, etc. - but due to their size, it is best to use recipes specifically for turkey eggs.
Hard boiled turkey eggs make for an excellent snack as well; be sure to give them a good amount of cooking time due to their size.
There is not much difference between the taste of a turkey egg and that of other poultry, though some say that it has a slightly richer flavor.
Quail eggs are small and nutrient dense, making them an excellent source of protein. They differ in flavor and texture from most eggs as they have a richer, more game-like taste.
They are ideal for deviled egg recipes, scrambles, and omelets. Their delicate, thin shells are easier to crack compared to most eggs and can also be used for decorative desserts and decorating hardboiled eggs.
They’re incredibly versatile and can be boiled, roasted, or fried like regular poultry eggs for a delicious meal.
Additionally, quail eggs provide numerous health benefits, including aiding digestive issues and anti-inflammatory properties.
Duck eggs are types of eggs gaining popularity due to their larger size, stronger shells and higher levels of nutritional content. They have a longer shelf life too, typically lasting up to twice as long as chicken eggs.
There is a subtly more robust flavor profile, but the texture and taste are quite similar.
When cooking with duck eggs, you can use many of the same techniques as you do when using other mainstream cooking eggs, but consider adding less egg per recipe due to the larger size.
Many recipes that use baking powder or baking soda will tend to work better with them because they have more natural leavening action from their greater alkaline content. Whether boiled, fried, or poached, they make for a tremendous protein-filled dish!
Pheasant eggs are considered a delicacy and are known for their rich flavor. With a light pinkish, almost ivory tone, pheasant eggs have an unmistakable appearance.
Being among one of the least common edible bird eggs, their eggs should be handled with extra caution.
That being said, there are several ways to cook pheasant eggs; scrambled, fried, or even boiled. Enjoy them as an omelet or use them in baking recipes; they add a unique, sweet, and smoky taste that can enhance any dish!
Pigeon eggs are an iconic sight, from city streets to backyard gardens. Approximately three times the size of a quail’s egg, these eggs come in shades of white and beige with some that feature an intriguing shade of bluish-green.
While pigeons normally lay two eggs per clutch, females may produce up to four at once. Not just known for their beautiful hue, pigeon eggs are generally high in nutrition and often used in ethnic dishes.
Thankfully, if you’ve fallen for the charming sight of pigeon eggs, there is still a chance for its admirers to get hands-on with husbandry since it remains legal to purchase and hatch homing pigeons in many states.
Goose eggs, which range in color from cream to blue-grey, are acclaimed for their rich, distinctive flavor, often preferred over other types.
In terms of size, these large eggs can weigh up to 8 ounces each and boast a beneficial nutrient profile; they provide notable amounts of protein, iron, and folic acid.
Goose egg whites are particularly dense, beige in color, and will typically stand 8 centimeters when measured vertically in a bowl. The yolks are also gloriously yellow and about 1 ½ times the yolk of a chicken egg.
Fantastic in omelets and scrambled with butter, they can also be hard boiled or poached like their chicken counterpart.
EMU eggs are a unique ingredient that packs a punch of flavor, size, and shape. These deep maroon, spotted eggs come in four to six times the size of a regular egg, with an elliptical shape that makes them an eye-catching ingredient when presented on any plate.
They have a rich flavor that can be used for baking or cooking and to add color to deviled eggs. Their taste has been likened to beef liver, making them an interesting addition to any dish.
They also pack a lot of nutrition and offer higher amounts of essential Omega-3 fatty acids than other eggs.
With these qualities, EMU eggs have gained popularity among chefs who are looking for creative ways to prepare dishes for their guests.
Guinea Hen Eggs
For those looking to add some unique flavor to their meals, guinea hen eggs are an interesting and delicious option. These eggs are slightly larger than a chicken egg but smaller than a duck egg, with a more intense yellow-orange yolk that has an almost creamy richness.
They can vary significantly in size and shape – even within the same clutch! Guinea hens are farmed in small numbers due to their less commercial productivity, though their rich flavor makes them worth seeking out for something special.
For the more adventurous egg lover, cage free crocodile eggs can be a delicacy. Cooked like chicken or duck eggs, these large ones add an exciting twist to any breakfast plate.
The taste is generally described as a subtler and lighter version of that of fried chicken egg. For those looking for an exotic experience, crocodile eggs are sure to provide an intriguing addition to their egg-sampling repertoire.
Peacock eggs are distinctive for their blue and green colored eggs, which are a result of the pigments inside the egg. Each shell is unique due to the variable coloration and markings that can look almost marble-like in its patterning.
They also feature an extra thick shell, usually about 25 percent thicker than a chicken's eggshell. Peafowl eggs have a slightly higher yolk content than most eggs.
While the flavor is similar, they can be slightly richer than store-bought eggs. On average, they take approximately 30 days to hatch; it doesn't take much longer than an ordinary egg.
For those who have access to peacock eggs, they offer an interesting culinary experience that most people would not find elsewhere!
Caviar are considered fancy kinds of eggs derived from sturgeon fish and from the Black Sea and the North Pacific, among other places. It is appreciated by connoisseurs everywhere because of its rich flavor and highly sought after characteristics.
Caviar contains essential omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for improved cardiovascular health. In addition to as a luxurious delicacy, caviar can be eaten with all types of food or served as an accompaniment to many fine dishes.
Different types of caviar are available such as sevruga, osetra, Beluga, white Sturgeon, salmon roe and Karat. Each type has a unique texture and flavor making it desirable in different cuisine contexts.
Partridge eggs are a unique delicacy, typically small in size but big in flavor. These eggs are slightly speckled and boast a creamy texture that makes it a popular choice for those with discerning tastes.
Whether they're boiled and included in salads or poached and used in various baking recipes, partridge eggs add a hefty dose of richness to any dish. To obtain one, you must wait 'til springtime when the female partridge is ready to lay her gems.
With their delicate shells and smooth interiors, partridge eggs can be enjoyed in many different ways.
As one of the smallest eggs in existence, Dove eggs are often overlooked. Despite their size, the organic eggs pack a punch with an abundance of nutritional value and an incredible flavor.
These tiny eggs contain protein, vitamin A, iron, and omega-3 fatty acids and have less cholesterol than any other egg options. Dove Eggs are incredibly versatile and can be used in all sorts of dishes, from omelets to omakase and everything in between.