Whether you're an enthusiast or simply curious about these delicious stone fruits, this blog is packed with everything you need to know about the different types of plums.
From the vibrant Alderman and American Native to the rich flavors of Black Amber and Black Beauty, we will showcase each plum variety with pictures and their common names.
Get ready to discover new favorites and expand your knowledge about these ornamental tree fruits.
⬇️ Table of Contents
- 1. Alderman Plums
- 2. American Native Plums
- 3. Black Amber Plums
- 4. Black Beauty Plums
- 5. Black Plums
- 6. Black Ruby Plums
- 7. Black Splendor Plums
- 8. Blood Plums
- 9. Brooks Plums
- 10. Burbank Plums
- 11. Catalina Plums
- 12. Cherry Plums
- 13. Coe’s Golden Drop Plums
- 14. Damson Plums
- 15. Duarte Plums
- 16. Early Golden Plums
- 17. El Dorado Plums
- 18. Elephant Heart Plums
- 19. Flavor Queen Pluot Plums
- 20. Friar Plums
- 21. Golden Plums
- 22. GreenGage Plums
- 23. Italian Plums
- 24. Java Plums
- 25. Kelsey Plums
- 26. Laroda Plums
- 27. Mariposa Plums
- 28. Methley Plums
- 29. Mirabelle Plums
- 30. Morris Plums
- 31. Moyer Plums
- 32. Myrobalan Plums
- 33. Owen T. Plums
- 34. Persian Sour Plums
- 35. Plucot Plums
- 36. Prune Plums
- 37. Redheart Plums
- 38. Santa Rosa Plums
- 39. Satsuma Plums
- 40. Simca Plums
- 41. Shiro Plums
- 42. Stanley Plums
- 43. Sugar Plums
- 44. Thundercloud Plums
- 45. Underwood Plums
- 46. Victoria Plums
- 47. Wild Goose Plums
- 48. Zwetschge Plums
These succulent fruits began their journey in Eastern Europe and regions surrounding the Caspian Sea. As they flourished, they experienced both bumper and bummer crop seasons.
A bumper crop would see an abundance of plums, while a bummer crop would be disappointingly low. Despite these fluctuations, the cultivation persisted, spreading to Rome and then all the way to northern Europe.
Around 479 BC, the Chinese made their contribution by domesticating this fruit. Fast forward to today, and you'll find a beautiful variety of plums in the market. The crown, however, is often claimed by the Japanese varieties, recognized and loved for their diverse colors and unique tastes.
Let's delve into the distinctive attributes of types of plum trees.
1. Alderman Plums
Aldermen are a beloved sweet plum cultivar with their large size and deep reddish purple skin color. These sweet plums have a sweet and juicy flesh perfect for enjoying fresh or incorporating into various recipes.
From late summer to early fall, Alderman plums are at their peak flavor. Great for making a luscious pie, a flavorful jam, or a refreshing salad, these plums are versatile. You can even use them to create delicious plum-infused beverages like plum wine or infused vodka.
2. American Native Plums
The American native plum, scientifically known as Prunus Americana, is a unique and delicious fruit that is native to the United States. These alluring fruits are typically elliptical in shape, boasting hues of striking red or vibrant yellow.
The native plum offers a delightful contrast of flavors, striking a balance between sweetness and a hint of tanginess that can be savored whether they are consumed fresh, frozen, or cooked.
Prunus Americana is predominantly found in the Eastern and Central regions of the United States and even stretches to parts of Canada. Native plums have a rich history in North America, believed to be among the first fruits cultivated by Native Americans more than 4,000 years ago.
Today, these resilient trees or shrubs continue to flourish in the wild, dotting the landscapes of many states in the US and provinces in Canada.
One of the fascinating aspects of native plums is their versatility in the culinary world. These plum fruits are as adaptable as delectable; they can be relished fresh off the tree, transformed into flavorful jams and juices, or used in baking to create delicious pies and desserts.
This hardy species thrives even in colder regions, providing nourishment and an appealing spectacle for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.
3. Black Amber Plums
Black Amber plums, often hailed as the "Fruit of Heaven" in China, are a uniquely sweet and rare variety of plums. Their deep purple skin encases a succulent, juicy, soft flesh that exudes an exceptional sweetness, making them highly coveted among plum varieties. Originally from East Asia, these plums have a rich history, traced back to ancient times, and continue to be celebrated in Japan, China, and beyond.
Fresh plums lend their delightful flavor to jams, preserves, and baked goods. Due to their natural sweetness, they enhance the overall flavor of any dish they grace. Moreover, they've long been valued in traditional Chinese medicine for their digestive benefits, addressing ailments like diarrhea and constipation.
Alongside their gustatory appeal, Black Amber plums offer numerous health benefits. They are rich in antioxidants and vitamins, endorsing them as a nutritious addition to any diet. Available during the late summer and early fall, they introduce a burst of flavor and health benefits to seasonal sweet and savory dishes.
One fascinating fact about these charming fruits is their status as a symbol of prosperity and good fortune. So, whether you are savoring them as a snack, creating delicious preserves, or using them in traditional medicine, Black Amber Plums promises a distinct sweetness and a host of truly unmatched benefits.
4. Black Beauty Plums
Renowned for their unique, delectable flavor, Black Beauty plums are a favorite among fruit enthusiasts worldwide. Originating from the Zhejiang province of China, these dark violet fruits are celebrated for their sweet yet tart taste, often compared to a delightful blend of apricot, cherry, almond, and honey.
The thin, lightly textured skin encases a juicy, light yellow or white flesh that is firm and refreshingly sweet.
Black Beauty plums belong to the same family as nectarines, peaches, and apricots - a fact that makes them particularly appealing to lovers of these fruits. They have been a staple in the Zhejiang province since ancient times, but it wasn't until the 1970s that they gained global popularity. Today, these plums are not just enjoyed in China but savored globally.
5. Black Plums
Black Plums are a variety of plum fruit native to the temperate regions of Asia and Europe. They are round in shape with glossy black skin and have sweet juicy flesh inside that is yellowish-orange, almost amber in color.
They taste slightly tart but sweet when ripe, making them perfect for eating raw or using in cooking. The fruit is also known for its high levels of antioxidants, making it a popular choice for health conscious individuals. Black plums have been enjoyed in the region since ancient times and remain a staple ingredient in many traditional dishes.
6. Black Ruby Plums
Black Ruby Plums, a unique variety originating from Japan, are renowned for their vibrant deep purple skin marked with red-hued streaks. Their succulent flesh, offering a tart-sweet flavor that strikes a delicious balance between an apple and a cherry, makes them a versatile fruit that can be enjoyed fresh, dried, or in various culinary delights.
Harvested in late summer or early fall, these plums have found their way into a wide assortment of culinary delights. From delectable jams, sauces, and syrups to mouthwatering desserts like pies, tarts, and cakes, the versatility of Black Ruby is truly remarkable.
Beyond their irresistible taste, Black Ruby also boasts potent health benefits. Their dark skin is rich in polyphenols, valuable antioxidants that help reduce inflammation and enhance overall health.
To enjoy the delightful taste of these plums for a few days, it is recommended to refrigerate them. However, cultivating Black Ruby Plums requires careful attention to their growth conditions.
Preferring a temperate climate, these plums thrive in well-drained, loamy soil and require consistent watering during their growth phase. Annual pruning of the trees is also essential to ensure a good harvest.
7. Black Splendor Plums
Hailing from Turkey, the Black Splendor plums are a globally spread species, recognized by their large size and purplish-black skin.
These dark violet plums are famed for their sweet, juicy flavor and the intense aromatic aroma they exude when ripe. They are a delightful treat to enjoy directly from the tree, but their unique flavor also lends itself well to baking, jams, competes, and sauces.
The centuries-old history of these plums, initially grown by local farmers in Turkey, has seen their cultivation reach the far corners of the world, including Greece, Canada, and Japan.
But the splendor of these plums extends beyond their taste and history. Their deep purple skin is enriched with the antioxidant anthocyanin, contributing to their color, reducing inflammation, and promoting healthy blood flow.
Ripening in late summer or early fall, the firm texture of Black Splendor plums, combined with their sweet, juicy flesh, makes them a versatile ingredient for an array of culinary creations, including pies and desserts.
The high sugar content and richness in antioxidants and vitamins provide a delightful flavor and a nutritional punch. They can be stored in the refrigerator for several days to maintain freshness.
8. Blood Plums
Blood plums, classified as Prunus cerasifera Ehrh., are a distinct species of plums hailing from the heartlands of Central and Eastern Europe. They are easily recognizable by their alluring deep red color and a sweet yet tart flavor profile that tantalizes the taste buds. The skin, although thin, is fully edible, complementing the juicy flesh within.
This fruit's cultivation has a rich history, with roots tracing back to the 16th century. Germany, in particular, values blood plums as a significant crop, cultivating them in vast quantities.
It's fascinating to note that these plums undergo a vibrant color transformation from deep red to purple when cooked, making them a highly sought-after ingredient for jams, jellies, and various desserts.
9. Brooks Plums
Brooks plum, a coveted variety of Japanese plum, is celebrated for its sweet, succulent flavor. This round, deep red fruit hails from the mountainous region of central Honshu, Japan, and its striking color and delightful taste make it an ideal addition to any culinary endeavor.
The variety derives its name from U.P. Brooks, an American horticulturist, who introduced this fruit to the United States in the 1880s.
Typically thriving in colder climates, the Brooks plums are a prevalent sight in the northern parts of Japan. These versatile fruits can be enjoyed fresh or cooked, and their sweet flavor profile lends itself beautifully to jams and preserves.
Interestingly, when these plums are allowed to ripen on the tree, they develop a unique golden hue, enhancing their sweetness and making them even more appealing to fruit enthusiasts. The Brooks plum trees are self-pollinating and relish full sun, making them an excellent addition to any garden.
In essence, Brooks plums, known for their vibrant red skin and yellow-orange flesh, are aesthetically pleasing and incredibly tasty. Their versatility in cooking and their enchanting taste makes them a standout choice for those seeking a truly unique Japanese plums.
10. Burbank Plums
Burbank plums are an old-fashioned native to the Pacific Northwest. They are small, yellow, and have a sweet and tart flavor. Believed to be developed by Luther Burbank in the 19th century, these are now widely grown in California, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and British Columbia. This variety is smaller and sweeter than other types, making it great for various dishes.
These are known to pair well with various ingredients, such as apples and honey or berries and maple syrup. They also make an excellent ingredient in jams and jellies, pies, tarts, cobblers, crumbles, and more. Burbank Plums are also used to make delicious sauces, chutneys, and compotes.
Burbank has a long history in the Northwest. They've been grown here for over 200 years. It is believed that Luther Burbank discovered these plums while researching and collecting various types of fruit in the area. This variety has remained popular amongst locals due to its unique flavor and versatility.
One interesting fact about Burbank Plums is that they are the only type of plum native to the Pacific Northwest. They have a longer “shelf life” than other varieties, meaning they can stay fresh for up to two weeks if refrigerated properly.
11. Catalina Plums
Originating from the Prunus salicina x Catalina family, the Catalina Plum is a standout fruit with striking black skin when ripe. It flourishes in USDA Hardiness Zones 6-9, needing ample sunlight and water. The Catalina is self-pollinating, making it an accessible fruit tree for gardening enthusiasts.
Its taste is a highlight—sweet, juicy, and firm, with minimal tartness around the skin and pit, making it a favorite for fresh consumption. Its white flesh is tantalizingly sweet and juicy yet retains a crisp firmness even at peak ripeness.
Not only a provider of delicious fruit, the tree, with its robust growth, is also a visually appealing garden addition. Its beautiful flowers begin to bear fruit in late winter, leading to fruiting from July to August. Regardless of how it's consumed, the Catalina Plum is a sweet treat, beloved by many.
12. Cherry Plums
Cherry plums, also known as Mirabelle Prunes, are a type of small and sweet stone fruit that is closely related to other varieties such as yellow plums, apricots, and peaches.
Its unique appearance features yellow or orange skin with red spots all over the outside. But it's not just their looks that make cherry plums so beloved - the sweet flavor and juicy texture make them a favorite among fruit lovers.
Cherry plums are native to Europe, particularly in France and Germany. These little fruits have been enjoyed in these areas for centuries due to their sweet taste and abundance of perfect growing conditions. They can also be found in other regions worldwide, including North America.
An interesting fact about cherry plums is their use in traditional French recipes. These days, they are often used to accompany meat dishes like wild boar or game, but they have also been used in various desserts such as tarts and mousses.
13. Coe’s Golden Drop Plums
Coe's Golden Drop plums are a unique species of fruit, native to the Pacific Northwest region but also found in parts of Canada and Europe. They have a golden yellow-orange hue to their skin, with a sweet, tangy flavor that is loved by many.
The history of Coe's Golden Drop dates back to the late 1800s when they were first discovered by American horticulturist and fruit expert George M. Coe. He found them growing on a wild cherry tree in Oregon and named them after himself.
This unique species of plum is known for its small size - the average plum is only about the size of a cherry - and its high sugar content. This makes it ideal for use in jams, jellies, and sauces.
Coe's Golden Drop plums are also highly sought after by chefs due to their sweet taste and intriguing appearance. The bright yellow-orange hue looks beautiful on plates or in desserts, giving dishes a unique yet tasty twist.
Interestingly, they are related to the "Pluot" hybrid variety, a cross between a plum and an apricot.
14. Damson Plums
Damson plums are smaller, sweeter, and more tart. They have a deep purple-blue color and are slightly oval in shape. The taste is uniquely sweet but with an acidic edge.
Originally native to the Caucasus region of Eurasia, they have become popular in many parts of Europe. They are often used to make jams and jellies, as well as alcoholic beverages like Slivovitz.
Interestingly, Damson was thought to be a cure for gout by Hippocrates over 2000 years ago. Today, they are enjoyed worldwide for their unique flavor and versatility.
One of the most popular ways to enjoy a Damson plum is in a crumble, where they are combined with butter, sugar, and flour for a delicious dessert. With its intense flavor, it's easy to see why this particular variety of plum has become so beloved.
15. Duarte Plums
Duarte plums are a sweet and juicy stone fruit variety originating from the Duarte region in central California. The exterior is red-orange with a yellow inside containing small edible seeds. Due to its early season ripening period, it is one of the earliest available yearly.
The Duarte plum has a sweet, honey-like flavor with a juicy and tender texture that makes it ideal for eating plain or using in a variety of recipes. It is also popularly used for canning, jams and jellies, baking, and juicing.
They were first introduced to the United States by Italian immigrants in the late 1800s. They quickly became a favorite among growers and consumers alike because of their sweetness, early ripening period, and easy transportation.
An interesting fact about Duarte plums is that they are self-fertile - meaning they do not require cross pollination to produce fruit. This makes them an excellent choice for backyard gardeners or small scale farming operations.
16. Early Golden Plums
Early Golden Plums are one of the most popular grown in North America. These golden yellow-skinned fruits originated from Japan and were brought to the U.S. in 1876 by an American nurseryman named Charles Eisenman.
Flavorful and juicy with a sweet, tart taste that brings out abundant flavor when cooked. They have a unique yellow interior, while most other varieties have red or purple-colored flesh. The firm texture of this variety makes it ideal for baking and canning purposes and for use in sauces, pies, jams, and jellies.
Early Golden is found mainly in California, where it is widely cultivated due to the ideal climate and soil conditions. But they can also be found in other parts of the United States, as well as in Canada and Mexico.
These have been widely enjoyed for generations, with some varieties dating back to the sixth century BC. It was not until more recently, however, that these delicious fruits began being cultivated on a large scale for commercial purposes.
One interesting fact about Early Golden is that they are also known as “the champagne of plums” because of their delicate, bubbly sweetness. This unique flavor makes them perfect for various recipes, from sweet desserts to savory dishes and everything in between.
17. El Dorado Plums
From its humble beginnings in the heart of California’s Central Valley, El Dorado plums have grown to become a beloved favorite amongst fruit lovers all around the world. These small, dark purple plums are renowned for their sweet and juicy flavor, which makes them a delicious addition to any meal.
The El Dorado plum is a medium to large-sized fruit that typically weighs between 30 and 40 grams (1 - 1.4 ounces). Its dark red purple skin gives way to golden yellow flesh, with a sweetness that contrasts the tartness of some others.
They were first cultivated in California’s Central Valley, where it has become an important part of many local cuisines. Here, El Dorado is used in jams, preserves, chutneys, and other dishes that celebrate the wonderful flavors of this delicious fruit.
An interesting fact is that they ripen quickly when exposed to sunlight but remain firm to the touch. This makes them an ideal fruit to take on a picnic or a day trip - they’ll last for hours without spoiling.
18. Elephant Heart Plums
Elephant Heart plums are a unique variety of fruit. They have an oblong shape and dark purple or black skin, making them stand out from other plums. Their flesh is yellow-green and sweet in taste, with a hint of tartness.
These unique fruits are native to California's Central Valley, where they grow abundantly in the summer months. The Elephant Heart plum has existed since the 19th century when farmers began planting them in abundance.
Interestingly, they take their name from their shape rather than an actual elephant heart shaped- due to their oblong shape and tapered end; it's said that they look like a beating heart.
19. Flavor Queen Pluot Plums
Flavor Queen Pluot plums are a hybrid fruit species that combines the genes of plums and apricots. This unique combination creates a tart yet sugary sweet flavor profile, with an attractive red hue skin when fully ripe. They are mainly grown in California's Central Valley but can be found as far east as Texas.
The development of this hybrid plum began in the late 1980s when a breeder from California wanted to create a new type of fruit with an improved taste and appearance. After years of careful cultivation, the Flavor Queen Pluot was born.
Interestingly enough, Flavor Queen Pluot is also referred to as Dinosaur Eggs because of its large size and unique color.
20. Friar Plums
Friar plums are a unique species of plum native to the Mediterranean region. They have an oval shape and a gorgeous deep purple, almost black color. With their thin skin and sweet yet tart taste, these delectable fruits make for the perfect snack or topping.
The history of Friar dates back centuries. The Greeks and Romans believed that these plums had magical powers.
Friar Plums are particularly popular in Italy, where they are served on top of dishes such as pizza and gelato. But no matter how you enjoy them, these little orbs of deliciousness will leave you wanting more.
An interesting fact is that they ripen faster than others.
21. Golden Plums
Golden plums are a unique type of fruit native to the Mediterranean region. These sweet-tasting fruits have yellow-golden skin and juicy, amber flesh, making them one of the most attractive looking plums on the market. As for taste, they are deliciously sweet with just a hint of tartness when ripe.
Golden plums have been around for centuries, gaining popularity in the Middle East before eventually being adopted by other countries. In fact, these fruits were served to Egyptian pharaohs as luxury gifts.
If you're looking for a unique taste experience with an exotic flair, look no further than golden plums. Their golden hue and delicious flavor make them a great addition to any fruit salad, smoothie, or dessert
22. GreenGage Plums
Green Gage traces their roots back to Europe, making them European plums nurtured there since the 18th century. These diminutive fruits sport a greenish-yellow hue and encase sweet yet slightly tangy with yellow fruit within. They stand out for their distinct texture - a wonderful blend of firmness and juiciness.
Prevalently grown in regions such as Italy, France, Spain, and the United States, Green Gage plums have even graced the royal table during an English King's Parisian visit.
Did you know that Greengage plums fall into the category of “clingstone” fruits? This means that their flesh stubbornly clings to the pit, making harvesting a bit of a challenge. However, this characteristic also contributes to their signature texture.
The allure of Green Gage plums lies in their distinct taste and texture. The sweet, fragrant flavor has endeared them to countless food enthusiasts. Their low acidity lends them a gentler flavor compared to their plum counterparts. Plus, the flesh's dense and firm nature helps it maintain its structure, avoiding an overly soft or mushy consistency.
23. Italian Plums
Italian plums have a rich history tracing back to ancient times. Originating from the region of Caucasus, near the Caspian Sea, these plums later spread across Europe, making their way to Italy. With their love for flavorful food, the Italians embraced these robust fruits and integrated them into their culinary culture, hence their name, 'Italian Plums.'
A little-known fact about Italian plums is their role in creating the famous 'prune.' These plums, when dried, turn into prunes, a snack cherished worldwide for its sweet taste and high fiber content.
This transformation enhances their sweetness while retaining their health benefits, making them an ideal choice for those with a sweet tooth looking for a healthy alternative.
Despite their small size, Italian plums are a powerhouse of nutrition. Each serving packs a punch with vitamins and minerals essential for overall health. High in antioxidants, these plums can protect the body against free radicals and reduce inflammation.
24. Java Plums
Java Plum (Syzygium cumini) is a species of flowering plant in the Myrtaceae family native to India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
This plum cultivar can be round or oval-shaped and generally reaches sizes between 1-2 inches in diameter. The skin is deep purple, while its flesh is yellowish-white with a sweet flavor.
Java Plums are native to the Indian subcontinent but have since been exported to other regions of Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean.
In India, this fruit has long been used in Ayurvedic medicine for its various health benefits due to its high antioxidant content. It is also commonly consumed as a snack or preserve.
An interesting fact about the Java Plum is that it plays an important role in many Hindu rituals. It is often offered to gods as a symbol of respect and devotion. Additionally, the leaves are used for decorating homes on special occasions such as weddings or religious ceremonies.
25. Kelsey Plums
Kelsey plums, the fruit, are a delightful species from the Prunus family. As the name suggests, these plums are not of the sporting variety but a delicious fruit, known for their vibrant red-purple exterior and juicy, sweet interior.
These fresh plums are also excellent for baking and making preserves.
26. Laroda Plums
Laroda plum tree varieties offer a delightful blend of sweet and tart flavors. Originating from a hybrid creation by Japanese horticulturalists in the early 1900s, this tree combines the best of Japanese and European plums.
It's a medium-sized tree, reaching up to 15 feet in height, and produces small, deep purple fruits when ripe. The flesh is yellow-white, offering a taste that's both sweet and tart.
Not just a backyard favorite, Laroda plums have found their way into various parts of the world, including North America, Europe, and some regions in Asia. In the United States, they're particularly popular in states like California, Oregon, and Washington.
What sets the Laroda plum apart is its long blooming season, making it a top pick for commercial growers looking for a steady supply of fruit.
These plums have a high sugar content, which means you can often find them in stores year-round as dried plums. Whether you're munching on them fresh off the tree or using them in your favorite recipes, Laroda plums offer a versatile and delicious option for fruit lovers.
27. Mariposa Plums
Mariposa plums are a sweet, colorful, and delicious variety of plums found mainly in California. It is known for its unique oblong shape and dark purple skin, which easily peels off, revealing the juicy yellow flesh.
The flavor of this fruit is extremely sweet with a hint of tartness, making it an ideal choice for snacking, juicing, and baking.
The Mariposa plum is native to California but can also be grown in other parts of the US with a suitable climate. The plums ripen during mid to late summer months and are harvested by hand when they reach their peak flavor.
This variety of plum has a long history dating back hundreds of years when it was first cultivated by Native Americans of the region. It quickly spread in popularity and is now found in many supermarkets across the US.
An interesting fact about Mariposa plums is that they make excellent homemade preserves as their thick flesh holds together well during the canning process.
28. Methley Plums
Methley plums are a Japanese plum variety grown mainly in Japan's Kansai, Chugoku, and Shikoku regions. It is an early-season variety with dark purple skin and sweet yellow flesh.
The flavor of Methley plums can range from tart to very sweet, depending on the ripeness of the stone fruit. Its aromatic flavor is most appreciated when it is at its peak ripeness, which typically happens from mid-June through early July.
Methley plums have a long history in Japan, especially in the Kansai region, where they are believed to have been around for over 500 years. They were first introduced to Europe by Dutch traders in the late 19th century and continue to be widely enjoyed today.
An interesting fact about Methley plums is that if they are left to ripen on the tree rather than harvested early, their sweet flesh will begin to ferment naturally and turn into an alcoholic beverage known as "plum wine". This process has been used in Japan for centuries to create a unique and delicious beverage.
29. Mirabelle Plums
Mirabelle Plums are also an important part of traditional French cuisine; they can be used to make a tart or poached with wine for a flavorful dish. An interesting fact about Mirabelle Plums is that their name comes from the Latin word mirabilis, meaning "wonderful."
The Mirabelle plum, a distinctive and delectable fruit, hails from Europe. It's known for its petite, spherical, and golden exterior and has won fans over with its sweet yet tart taste. What's fascinating is that this plum is found exclusively in France's Lorraine region, where its growth is both protected and revered due to its deep historical roots.
The versatility of Mirabelle plums is truly remarkable. It can be enjoyed straight from the tree or used as an ingredient in various culinary creations. It's a favorite in everything from jams and jellies to pies and compotes. Some even transform it into a tasty plum brandy or eau de vie.
With an annual yield of approximately 15,000 tons in France, the Mirabelle plum's significance to the region cannot be overstated. There's even a festival in its honor in Metz. When the Mirabelle plums reach their peak in late summer, it's a moment of joy and gratitude for this special and cherished fruit.
30. Morris Plums
The story of the Morris Plum is compelling, from its history to its unique taste. Unearthed by David Morris in the Ohio Valley in the 19th century, its seeds spread across North America, reaching as far as Montana. The harvesting period is brief but plentiful, spanning late July to mid-August.
Known for their unique sweet-tart flavor, Morris Plums, also termed 'cherry plums,' are loved for their culinary versatility. Fresh or cooked, their flavor is unparalleled - they make delicious jams, add tanginess to salads, and even star in homemade wines.
For those outside its growing regions or craving its taste off-season, the market stocks frozen or canned Morris Plums. Whether fresh or preserved, they enhance every dish with distinct taste and elegance, making them a gourmet favorite.
31. Moyer Plums
Moyer Plums are a species of fruit that originated in the Middle East and is now grown all around the world. The fruit itself is small and round, with a deep purple color on the outside and a bright yellow flesh amber color. Its sweet taste has hints of tartness that make it desirable for many uses.
The Moyer Plum tree is native to the Levant region in the Middle East and is thought to have been around since ancient times. Now, it is one of the most popular fruits for its health benefits which include high levels of vitamin C and antioxidants. It's a versatile fruit that can be used in jams, jellies, sauces, or simply eaten fresh off the tree.
One interesting fact about the Moyer Plum is that it has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. It's thought to have healing properties and be a natural remedy for many ailments. Today, people continue to use it as a natural supplement for better health.
If you're looking for an exotic fruit with a sweet and tart flavor, then the Moyer Plum is definitely worth trying
32. Myrobalan Plums
Myrobalan plums are small to medium sized fruit, typically dark purple in color and slightly tart in taste. They have a long history of use in India, where they are natively grown and have been used medicinally for centuries.
Myrobalan plums are most commonly found in the Indian subcontinent, although they may be grown elsewhere as well. The tree itself is medium-sized, with a rounded canopy and large oblong leaves that turn yellow or brown in the fall. Its fragrant white flowers bloom in early spring and produce small to medium purple plums.
When fully ripe, Myrobalan plums have a sweet-tart taste and are great for snacking or adding to salads and desserts. They can also be cooked down into jellies, jams, sauces, and chutneys, which can be used as condiments and accompaniments with meals.
33. Owen T. Plums
Owen T Plums, native to the nutrient-rich soil of the Pacific Northwest, captivate both the eye and the palate. Their vibrant exterior, a fusion of deep reds with hints of orange and yellow, intriguingly contrasts with the sweet, tangy punch of the flesh within. Whether devoured fresh or incorporated into an array of culinary dishes, these plums are sure to enthrall.
The historical journey of these unique fruits is equally intriguing. First cultivated by the region's Native Americans, who appreciated their versatility and flavor, they entered the public eye only at the dawn of the 20th century. Now, they hold a cherished spot in the culinary culture of the Pacific Northwest, starring in numerous local recipes.
One notable aspect of Owen T. Plums is their impressive nutritional profile. They are one of the few plum varieties to boast a high vitamin C content, making them an excellent dietary choice for those seeking to optimize their nutrient intake.
34. Persian Sour Plums
Savor the unique, delectable experience of Persian Sour Plums or Aloo Bukhara, as they're rightfully celebrated in the Middle East. Radiating in a bright red-orange color, these plums are a bite-sized treasure known for their distinctive tart taste, a perfect blend of sweet and sour that leaves an unforgettable impression on your palate.
The Persian Sour Plum might appear small, almost cherry-like in its size, but don't be fooled by its compact appearance. The oblong fruit packs in a punch; its chewy skin encases a tart and astringent flavor that transforms both savory and sweet dishes, not to mention its starring role in jams and chutneys.
Originally from Iran, the fame of Persian Sour Plums has traveled far and wide, reaching corners of the Middle East like Iraq, Turkey, and Azerbaijan and gradually making a name for itself globally.
35. Plucot Plums
Plucots, a delectable hybrid fruit, ingeniously blend the sweet juiciness of plums and the tangy distinctiveness of apricots. Their notable flavor profile—dynamic, refreshing, and undeniably unique—is unforgettable upon the first bite.
Boasting a round silhouette akin to a large plum, plucots possess vibrant yellow-orange skin adorned with radiant red blushes. The interior reveals an equally appealing sight: soft, sweet, and orange-hued flesh, which exudes a distinctive, enticing aroma—a harmonious fusion of floral plum notes and zesty apricot undertones.
These hybrid marvels, cultivated predominantly in California and Arizona, only debuted in the fruit world in the 1990s. Despite their relative novelty, they can be located across the United States, gracing the stalls of specialty grocery stores and farmers' markets.
Their year-round availability makes them ideal for those seeking a fresh and exciting fruit experience at any time.
36. Prune Plums
Prune Plums (Prunus domestica) is a juicy, dark-purple stone fruit with a sweet and tart flavor. It has been cultivated since ancient times in the Mediterranean region and Central Asia, though it can be found worldwide today.
When ripe, they have thin skin that easily splits away from the flesh and a single large seed inside.
The taste can vary depending on the variety, but generally, they are sweet with notes of tartness. They make an excellent addition to jams, jellies or preserves, and baked goods like pies, cakes, and other desserts.
37. Redheart Plums
Originating from the Mediterranean region, Redheart plums are small, vibrant fruits that grow on trees. Sporting bright red skins contrasted by pale yellow, juicy flesh, these plums offer a tantalizing sweet-tart flavor that tickles the palate.
Tracing back to ancient times, these luscious fruits were first nurtured by the Greeks, then savored by the Romans, and eventually dispersed across Europe. Today, their popularity transcends borders as they are relished globally.
What sets Redheart plums apart is the inherent compounds that naturally shield them from pests and diseases, making them an optimal choice for organic farmers seeking to cultivate wholesome crops sans chemicals.
Their versatility in culinary applications is commendable. Whether tossed into salads for a flavor surprise or cooked with meats to concoct a scrumptious sauce, Redheart plums are truly a star ingredient.
38. Santa Rosa Plums
Apart from their delicious taste, Santa Rosa Plums have an interesting history associated with them. In the late 19th century, horticulturist Luther Burbank brought these plums to California in order to promote agricultural growth in the state. He planted hundreds of these plums in his experimental gardens and saw great success from this endeavor.
The Santa Rosa plum has a sweet-tart flavor and unique texture and has been a beloved fruit for over 100 years. Their deep-purple exterior and vibrant yellow flesh add a pop of color to your plate and provide a satisfying contrast of flavors.
These plums hail from the Santa Rosa Valley in California and are appreciated by the locals generation after generation. But they're not just tasty; they're also packed with nutrition - think high levels of vitamin C and antioxidants.
39. Satsuma Plums
Satsuma Plums, with their distinctive small size and rich sweetness, stand out in the plum variety. Their appeal begins with their exterior - smooth skin in a charming shade of yellow-green, adorned with a unique speckle pattern. Inside, the flesh is a juicy delight. It presents a tart edge that wonderfully counterbalances a flavor reminiscent of apricots.
Tracing back to Japan, these plums journeyed through centuries in China before making their way to the United States in the late 19th century. The versatility of Satsuma plum is celebrated in Japan, where they transform into jams, jellies, pickles, and preserves.
These plums are an excellent choice to brighten your summer dishes, whether in desserts or salads. For a delectable twist, roast Satsuma plums with a drizzle of honey and a sprinkle of cinnamon. Make sure to relish these sweet delicacies while the season lasts.
40. Simca Plums
Originating from the Mediterranean region, Simca Plums, scientifically known as Prunus salicina, add a splash of dark purple and a sweet flavor to any culinary palette. First nurtured in the fertile soils of Sicily, these fruits have journeyed across centuries and borders to grace tables throughout Europe.
Their unique balance of sweetness and pleasing texture—soft, juicy, yet not cloyingly sweet—make them a delightful snack for all ages. However, the culinary magic of Simca Plums extends beyond just snacking.
They shine brightly in desserts, their robust flavor enhancing the taste of pies, tarts, and jams. Even Mediterranean cuisine, famous for its variety and vibrancy, embraces these plums as an essential component due to their versatile nature and regional availability.
In essence, Simca Plums offers a taste experience that's hard to match. Whether savoring them as a snack or using them to enrich a recipe, they bring an unmatched flavor profile and a nostalgic touch of their Mediterranean roots to your plate.
41. Shiro Plums
Shiro plums are a type of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) known for their bright yellow color and sweet flavor. Despite its name, the fruit is not actually yellow but a pale shade of orange with an occasional hint of pink or green. It has thin skin that peels easily, making it great for eating fresh.
Native to central and western Japan, it is a popular variety grown in many regions throughout the country. It's also widely cultivated in China, where it is known as "Tao Ren."
The flavor is sweet and juicy, with hints of honey and apricot. Due to its high sugar content, it's often used to make jellies and jams. It can also be cooked into savory pork stew or pickled vegetables.
This kind has a long history in Japan, where it is thought to have originated centuries ago. According to legend, a samurai warrior brought the first sapling from China as a gift for his lover.
The tree was planted on the banks of a river and soon spread throughout the region, becoming an important part of Japanese culture.
Today, many varieties of Shiro plums are grown in Japan, each with its own unique flavor and texture. An interesting fact about these plums is that they're actually self-fertile, which means they don't require two different trees to produce fruit. This makes them more reliable and easier to cultivate than others.
42. Stanley Plums
The Stanley Plum is a species of plum known for its attractive dark blue color and sweet taste. It is popularly grown in the western United States, Canada, and Europe, especially France and Italy. The Stanley Plum tree can be traced back to 1875 when it was discovered by American horticulturist Charles Stuart.
The fruit of the Stanley Plum has a signature dark blue skin that becomes slightly softer and sweeter when it ripens. The flesh is juicy and sweet with hints of almond flavor, making this plum perfect for eating fresh or cooking into pies, jams, and sauces.
Thanks to its adaptability to different terrains and climates, it is a great option for novice gardeners. An interesting fact about the Stanley Plum tree is that it can survive temperatures as low as -20 degrees Celsiusided its rise to worldwide popularity.
43. Sugar Plums
Primarily native to Southeast Asia, specifically regions of Thailand and Bangkok, Sugar Plums have also found their way into American gardens since the 1800s. The historical trail of this fruit dates back to the 17th century in Europe, from where it expanded to other parts of Asia and finally to America.
44. Thundercloud Plums
Thundercloud plums are a species of plum that is native to the mountainous regions of Central and South America. They are highly sought-after for their succulent flavor, numerous health benefits, and beautiful, deep purple hue.
These luscious fruits have a sweet and juicy taste with a slight tartness that is truly unique. They can easily be eaten fresh or used in various recipes like smoothies, sauces, ice cream, and jam.
Thundercloud plums have been grown in the region for centuries and are a valuable crop. Interestingly enough, these plums are known to be able to withstand environments of extreme temperatures, so they can thrive even in high altitudes and cold climates.
45. Underwood Plums
Underwood plums are a small, round fruit native to the American southeast. It has a deep red skin and a sweet-tart flesh that's popular for canning and baking. The delicious taste of an Underwood plum makes it one of the most sought-after fruits in the region.
Underwood plums are believed to have originated in the Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina and Virginia. However, they have been grown throughout the southeastern United States for many years.
Ornamental plums yield interesting fruits; they produce small, often tart plums enjoyed by birds and other wildlife.
46. Victoria Plums
Victoria Plums are a variety of plum that is grown in Australia, primarily in Victoria. The plums have deep purple skin and are large, making them easy to spot when ripe. They are juicy and sweet with tart undertones, giving them an ideal flavor balance for many recipes.
The history of this variety dates back to the late 19th century. The species was originally discovered on the continent of Australia, and it was given its name in honour of the state of Victoria where it is primarily cultivated.
An interesting fact about Victoria Plums is that many chefs use them to make preserves due to their high sugar content.
47. Wild Goose Plums
Wild Goose Plums, a distinct species native to China and Southeast Asia, are cherished for their unique size and flavor profile. These petite plums, just about two inches in diameter, captivate the senses with their bright yellow skin and pale, juicy flesh. Their taste intricately balances semi-tart and slightly sweet notes, making every bite a delight.
These plums hold significant historical importance, with cultivation records harking back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). It's fascinating to know that the Romans were responsible for introducing these delectable fruits to Europe. Meanwhile, their journey to North American soil was charted in the early 20th century.
An intriguing characteristic of these wild plums is their high pectin content, making them an ideal candidate for jam and jelly recipes. Their culinary versatility doesn't end there - they're a key ingredient in various Chinese dishes, enhancing sweet-sour sauces, lending a unique flavor to plum wines, and adding a sweet twist to cold desserts.
Today, Wild Goose Plums can be witnessed thriving in home gardens, farms, and orchards globally.
48. Zwetschge Plums
Zwetschge plums, also known as Italian prune or Greeks, are a special type of plum native to the Mediterranean region. They have an oval shape and dark purplish-black skin when ripe. The flesh is lovely and juicy with distinctive yellow-orange coloring.
This plum is mainly associated with Southern European countries like Italy, Spain, and Portugal – although it can also be found in Eastern Europe. It has a long history of being used in traditional dishes such as jams, jellies, and desserts.
For those who want something even more special, Zwetschge plums can also be used to make liqueurs such as Slivovitz or Rosolj. These drinks have a distinct taste and are often served as an after-dinner in many traditional southern European restaurants.