What is Unleavened Bread?
Unleavened bread is a type of bread that's made without any artificial or chemical leavening agents. This means that the dough does not contain any yeast, baking soda, or baking powder. The lack of leavening agents results usually in a denser texture, but not always, it comes down to the technique used.
Unleavened bread is also known as "flatbread" because of its often flattened appearance.
There are many different types of unleavened breads made all over the world. Some popular examples include matzo, chapati, roti, and naan. Unleavened breads are often eaten during religious festivals and holidays such as Passover and Easter.
⬇️ Table of Contents
- What is Unleavened Bread?
- 🍞 Types of Unleavened Bread
- 🍞 How to Make Unleavened Bread
- 🍞 Unleavened Bread Recipes
- 1. Easy Makki Ki Roti
- 2. Turkish Hot Water Cornbread
- 3. Poori Recipe | Puri Indian Fried Bread
- 4. Herbed Beer Bread Recipe
- 5. Colombian Arepas
- 6. Slow Cooker No Yeast Rolls
- 7. Easy Brazilian Cheese Bread (Pão de Queijo)
- 8. High Protein Grain-Free Tortillas
- 9. Instant Pot Cornbread
- 10. Nordic Nut and Seed Bread
🍞 Types of Unleavened Bread
- Arboud is a type of unleavened bread made of wheat flour and is popular among Arab Bedouin.
- Arepa is an unleavened cornbread that originated in Colombia and Venezuela.
- Bannock is an unleavened bread that originated in the British Isles.
- Bataw is an unleavened bread made of barley, corn, or wheat, and is traditional in Egypt.
- Kitcha is an Ethiopian unleavened flatbread that is used mainly in the traditional dish fit-fit or chechebsa.
- Lavash is an Armenian flatbread that can be either leavened or unleavened and is inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.
- Matzo is a Jewish unleavened flatbread.
- Piadina is an Italian unleavened flatbread from the Romagna historical region that is made of wheat flour, lard or olive oil, water, and salt.
- Rieska is an unleavened bread usually made of barley and is traditional in the northern parts of Finland.
- Roti is an Indian flatbread that includes chapati, Dalpuri, and variants.
- Tortilla is a Mesoamerican/Mexican flatbread.
- Tortilla de Rescoldo is a Chilean unleavened bread made of wheat flour that is traditionally baked in the coals of a campfire.
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🍞 How to Make Unleavened Bread
The process of making unleavened bread requires a few ingredients flour, water, and salt. The ingredients are combined to form a dough, which is then rolled out into a flat disk. The dough is then cooked on a hot surface until cooked through.
There are many different recipes for unleavened bread; experiment to find the perfect one for your taste. Some recipes call for additional ingredients such as olive oil or honey. Add herbs and spices to the dough to give it more flavor.
🍞 Unleavened Bread Recipes
There are many types of unleavened bread recipes, and they can be flavored with a variety of different herbs and spices. It can be eaten plain or used to make sandwiches, wraps, or even pizzas. Unleavened bread is a versatile food that can be enjoyed in many different ways.
1. Easy Makki Ki Roti
Makki ki roti or makai ki roti is an easy flatbread made of corn or maize flour. This rustic bread is traditionally served with sarson ke saag (spiced and pureed mustard greens), and together, they make for a hearty Punjabi meal that people in the subcontinent relish eating in winter.
2. Turkish Hot Water Cornbread
This Turkish Hot Water Cornbread recipe will replace all those that came before. It has the most beautiful golden color, the richest buttery, and crumbly texture, and a simply divine flavor that can only be achieved over years of perfecting ratios and technique.
3. Poori Recipe | Puri Indian Fried Bread
Poori or Puri is a traditional Indian fried bread that is delicious to enjoy with almost any main dish. It’s a simple unleavened bread made from just whole wheat flour, salt, and water. Here I share my poori recipe with step-by-step photos and the best tips for making puri at home – crispy, fluffy, and soft and I bet you’ll love making homemade puri to enjoy with your favorite meals!
4. Herbed Beer Bread Recipe
You are going to love this buttery, chewy Herbed Beer Bread Recipe! It will take about 5 minutes to mix and it is absolutely delicious warm from the oven. Enjoy it plain or try the Everything Bagel Seasoning and Cheddar variation.
5. Colombian Arepas
The easy Arepas recipe for making a Colombian Arepa is quite simple. Prepare and cook the corn Arepa recipe to make your own batch.
6. Slow Cooker No Yeast Rolls
These easy slow cooker no yeast rolls are the perfect side dish with lasagna or any other pasta dish! There’s no need to wait for them to rise! They cook by themselves right in your Crockpot. Dripping with melted butter and garlic with a dash of parmesan they’ll become your go-to bread on busy evenings.
7. Easy Brazilian Cheese Bread (Pão de Queijo)
It's a delicious and easy bread that's crunchy on the outside and cheesy on the inside. It's naturally gluten-free and takes less than 25 minutes from start to finish.
8. High Protein Grain-Free Tortillas
These are flourless, grain-free, whole foods, high protein tortillas that are not only soft and easy to make but the healthiest thing you can imagine to have on taco night. Beginners are welcome as well since you only need 2 ingredients: red lentils and buckwheat groats and no tortilla press.
9. Instant Pot Cornbread
This is simply the best recipe for a sweet and fluffy and traditional cornbread. Buttermilk, sugar, and cornmeal are the secrets of this wonderful and delicious bread you can make in your Instant Pot in 30 minutes.
10. Nordic Nut and Seed Bread
The wonderful Nordic nut and seed bread, also known as stenalderbrød (stone age bread) is made entirely of nuts, seeds and eggs. Being a flourless bread, it’s naturally gluten-free, and there are absolutely no refined ingredients!s.
Unleavened bread is important in the Jewish and Christian religions. Jews eat unleavened bread during Passover as commanded in Exodus 12:18.
This is to remind them of when they were newly emancipated Israelites and had to leave Egypt quickly without time to let their bread rise. The Canon Law of the Roman Catholic Church mandates the use of unleavened bread for the Host (bread used in Communion) and unleavened wafers for the communion of the faithful.