There are many different ways to grow sweet potatoes. Sweet Potatoes Are Grown in the ground, growing containers, or in your home garden. You need to keep a few things in mind when growing sweet potatoes.
Our blog post will discuss and provide some of the best ways to grow edible sweet potatoes so that you can have a successful harvest.
⬇️ Table of Contents
- How Sweet Potatoes Are Grown
- Soil Requirements
- Planting Guidelines
- How To Grow Sweet Potatoes At Home
- 💧 How Much Water Do Sweet Potatoes Need?
- How To Fertilize Sweet Potatoes
- How and When to Harvest
- 🌱How To Sprout Sweet Potatoes
- 🌱 How To Grow Sweet Potatoes
- 🌱How To Grow Sweet Potatoes Indoors
How Sweet Potatoes Are Grown
In colder climates, sweet potatoes should be planted in the spring after the last frost. In warmer climates, they can be planted in the fall. You can check with your local cooperative extension office if you're unsure when the last frost is in your area. They will be able to give you specific planting dates for your area.
When planting, choosing a sunny spot in your garden is essential. They need at least six hours of sunlight per day. The soil should be well-drained and fertile. You can improve drainage by mixing in some sand. To improve fertility, mix in some compost or manure before planting.
They are typically started from slips. Slips are young plants that are grown from mature sweet potatoes. You can purchase slips from a nursery or order them online. You can also grow them yourself by placing a sweet potato in a jar of water with the pointed end up.
Sweet potatoes are root vegetables that are enjoyed by many people around the world. To grow, specific soil requirements must be met.
- Sweet potatoes require loose, well-drained soil to grow correctly. The ground should also be high in organic matter. The best way to achieve this is by amending the soil with compost or other organic matter before planting.
- Raised beds work very well. Make sure to line it with black plastic sheets. Located in a spot with full sun.
- Regarding pH, sweet potatoes prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. If the soil is too alkaline, it can lead to nutrient deficiencies.
- Sweet potatoes also need adequate levels of phosphorus and potassium to grow correctly. A soil test can help you determine whether or not your soil needs to be amended with fertilizer before planting.
How Deep Do Sweet Potatoes Grow
Sweet potatoes typically grow to a depth of 8-24 inches below the soil surface. The roots of the plant can reach depths up to 3 feet, though some varieties may reach deeper depths. Generally, when planting sweet potatoes, it is best to bury them at least 6-8 inches deep for optimal growth.
Sweet potatoes are usually started from "slips." Slips are young sweet potato plants that are grown from mature sweet potatoes. To produce slips, sweet potatoes are placed in a warm, sunny location and allowed to grow.
Once the slips have grown, they can be transplanted into the garden. Sweet potatoes can also be planted directly in the soil, but this is not as common.
Sweet potatoes are versatile root vegetables that are an excellent option for novice gardeners. If you're thinking about planting them in your garden this year, here are a few guidelines you need to know.
How To Grow Sweet Potatoes At Home
One way to grow sweet potatoes at home. The first is to purchase slips from cuttings, which are young sweet potato plants. You can find slips for sale online or at some garden centers.
Once you have your slips, plant them in well-drained soil in a sunny spot in your garden. Keep the soil moist but not soggy; you should see new growth within a few weeks. Harvest typically occurs 75-100 days after planting.
📅 When to Plant
In most parts of the country, sweet potatoes can be planted as soon as the soil has warmed up in the spring. However, if you live in an area with a shorter growing season, you may want to start your sweet potatoes indoors about six weeks before you plan to transplant them outdoors.
📍 Where to Plant
Sweet potatoes prefer loose, well-drained soils with a pH between 5.0 and 6.5. If your soil is heavy or clay-like, adding some organic matter can help improve its drainage. If you're not sure about the pH of your soil, getting it tested is always a good idea. Once you know what you're working with, you can make any necessary adjustments before planting.
🥄 How to Plant
When planting sweet potatoes, space the slips 12-18 inches apart in rows 3-4 feet apart. Once they're in the ground, water them well and mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and control weeds.
With their versatile flavor and ease of growth, sweet potatoes make a great addition to any home garden.
💧 How Much Water Do Sweet Potatoes Need?
Sweet potatoes need plenty of water during their growing season. They should be watered regularly, especially during periods of hot weather. Mulching the soil around the plants can help keep them moist and cool.
Many factors influence how much water sweet potatoes need, including the climate, weather, and growth stage. Understanding these factors can help you better care for your sweet potatoes and produce a healthy crop.
Climate plays a role in how often sweet potatoes need to be watered. In general, warm climates require more frequent watering than cooler climates. However, extreme heat can cause the roots of sweet potatoes to dry out and affect the plant's ability to uptake water. If you live in an area with high soil temperatures, check on your plants daily and water as needed to keep the roots moist.
Seedlings and young plants require less water than mature plants. When watering, ensure the roots get moist but don't stay wet for long periods. This can cause the roots to rot and prevent the plant from taking up water properly. Watering early in the day can help prevent this by giving the plant time to dry out before nightfall.
How To Fertilize Sweet Potatoes
If you're thinking about planting sweet potatoes in your garden this year, here's what you need to know about fertilizing them.
Sweet potatoes are heavy feeders which require a lot of nutrients to grow properly. The best way to fertilize is to amend the soil with compost before planting. You can also side-dress them with compost or manure during the growing season. Sweet potatoes prefer slightly acidic soil, so if your soil is alkaline, you may want to add some sulfur to lower the pH.
As far as which fertilizer to use, manure is always a good option for sweet potatoes (or any plants, for that matter). You can also use synthetic fertilizers, but be sure to use one high in potassium and low in nitrogen. Too much nitrogen will cause the plant to produce lush foliage at the expense of producing tubers.
How and When to Harvest
It takes about four to five months for sweet potatoes to mature. They are typically planted in early spring and harvested in late summer or early fall. They are typically harvested when the edible leaves begin to turn yellow or brown. The tubers can be dug up with a spade or shovel. They should be handled carefully so as not to damage them.
Sweet potatoes are usually ready in the fall after the leaves have died back but before the first frost. To harvest sweet potatoes, use a garden fork or spade to loosen the soil around the plants. Then, carefully dig them up, careful not to damage them.
They should be stored in a cool, dark place for several months. However, they'll taste best if used within a few weeks.
As mentioned above, sweet potatoes are typically ready in the fall. They need 60-90 days of warm weather to mature appropriately.
Harvesting sweet potatoes is a simple process that anyone can do. Use a garden fork or spade to loosen the soil around the plants and carefully dig up the sweet potatoes.
🌱How To Sprout Sweet Potatoes
Sprouting sweet potatoes is a process of growing from potato seeds. The potatoes are first soaked in water for a few days to soften the skin. Then they are placed in a pot of soil and covered with a damp cloth. After a few days, the sweet potatoes will sprout and can be transplanted.
The first step is to soak the seeds. Fill a bowl with enough water to cover the sweet potatoes and let them sit for two or three days. This will help soften the sweet potatoes' skin so they can be pierced more easily.
After the sweet potatoes have been soaked, pierce each one several times with a fork. This will help the plant to sprout more easily. Next, fill a pot with soil and place the sweet potatoes in the soil. Cover the pot with a damp cloth and place it in a sunny spot. After a few days, the sweet potatoes will begin to sprout.
Once they have sprouted, they can be harvested and eaten. To harvest, pull the sweet potato out of the ground and wash it off. Sprouting sweet potatoes is a simple process that only requires a few steps.
By soaking the sweet potatoes and then piercing them with a fork, you are helping the plant to sprout more easily. Once they have sprouted, harvest them by pulling them out of the ground and washing them off.
How To Prune
Start by removing any dead, dying, or diseased sweet potato vine. Please with keeping the pest population down as well. Next, cut back any long or wayward vines to be 6-8 inches long (15-20 cm) from the ground. Finally, thin out the remaining sweet potato vines so there are only 3-4 plants.
Pruning sweet potatoes is an important cultural practice that helps to ensure the production of high-quality, disease-free tubers. Proper pruning also helps to control vine growth and encourages the development of a strong, productive root system.
Sweet potatoes should be pruned when actively growing, typically in late spring or early summer.
🌱 How To Grow Sweet Potatoes
To grow sweet potatoes in containers, you'll need to start with a sweet potato or "slip." You can find slips at your local nursery or online. Once you have your slip, fill a pot with potting soil and place it in a sunny spot. Water regularly and wait for the frost to pass. Once the frost has passed, you can plant your sweet potato in the ground or in a larger container.
Sweet potatoes are a great addition to any garden. Sweet potatoes are also relatively pest-resistant, making them a low-maintenance crop.
If you don't have much space for gardening, or if you live in an apartment or condo with no yard at all, don't despair! You can still grow sweet potatoes in containers. You only need a large container (at least 20 gallons), some potting mix, and a few sweet potato plants. Keep reading to learn how to grow sweet potatoes in containers.
Fill Your Container with Potting Mix
The first step is to fill your container with potting mix. Potting mix is a lightweight mixture of soil, peat moss, and perlite or vermiculite. It drains well and doesn't compact like regular garden soil, which makes it ideal for growing plants in containers. You can find the potting mix at your local nursery or gardening center. Once you have your potting mix, wet it lightly with a hose or watering can.
Plant Your Sweet Potato
Sweet potato plants are available as transplants from most nurseries and garden centers. Look for healthy plants with green leaves and strong stems. Avoid any plants that look wilted or sickly. Dig a hole in the potting mix large enough to accommodate the roots to plant your sweet potato plants. Gently loosen the roots before placing the plant in the hole and backfilling it with soil. Water the plant well after planting.
Tie the plant stems to stakes for support As the sweet potato plant grows; the stems will become long and weak. You'll need to tie the stems to stakes for support to prevent the plant from toppling over. Place one stake next to each plant, and use strips of cloth or soft twine to tie the stem to the stake loosely but securely.
Water your plants deeply about once a week or more often if the weather is hot and dry.
🌱How To Grow Sweet Potatoes Indoors
Summer is the perfect sweet potato growing season. Although they're typically considered a warm-weather crop, they can be easily grown indoors. All you need is a little bit of space and some basic gardening supplies. Here's everything you need to know about how to grow sweet potatoes indoors.
What You'll Need
To grow sweet potatoes indoors, you'll need the following:
- A large pot or container with drainage holes
- Sweet potato slips (you can order these online or purchase them at a garden center)
- Potting soil
- High-quality fertilizer
- Fill your pot or container with potting soil, leaving about 2 inches of space at the top. Sweet potatoes require a lot of space to grow, so make sure you choose a large enough pot.
- Plant your sweet potato slips in the soil, making sure each one has plenty of room to spread out.
- Water your plants regularly, ensuring the soil stays moist but not soggy.
- Fertilize your plants every few weeks according to your fertilizer's packaging instructions.
- You can transfer your plants outdoors when the weather outside can keep the soil warm enough. Sweet potatoes need at least six hours of sunlight per day, so choose a spot in your yard that gets plenty of sun. Once they're transplanted, continue to water and fertilize them according to the instructions above.
- Harvest your sweet potatoes when the leaves begin to turn yellow and die back. This usually happens in late summer or early fall. To harvest, carefully dig up the roots with a shovel or trowel and brush off any excess dirt. Enjoy your homegrown sweet potatoes, roasted, mashed, or in a homemade pie.
What is the Best Way to Store Sweet Potatoes?
The best way to store sweet potatoes is in a cool, dark, and humid place. A pantry or cupboard away from direct sunlight is ideal. Your refrigerator is also a good option if you live in a warm climate. Just be sure to wrap the sweet potatoes in a paper towel or newspaper to absorb any excess moisture.
Sweet potatoes can be stored at room temperature for up to two weeks. They should be in the fridge if you plan to store them for longer. Whole sweet potatoes will be kept in the fridge for up to three months, while cut or cooked will last only about five days.